Geological drilling with an auger head drill provided an undisturbed sediment core. During the laboratory analysis different methods, such as sedimentological, geochemical, macrofossil, pollen and charcoal analysis were applied. The different stages and the evolution of the lake-bog system and the vegetation around the lake could be reconstructed and human impact was detected for the last 3000 years.

relative dating techniques absolute palaeontology-42

Human impact reached its maximum during the 10th and 12th centuries when extent plant cultivation and grazing field zones were created.

Climate change, increasing precipitation and consequently forest regeneration started in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Parallel to this human impact decreased in the study area that indicates the reduction of the population and agrarian activity.

Department of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary. (1959) Die Vegetation des Naturschutzgebietes des Baláta Sees (Vegetation of the Reserve Area of Lake Baláta). (1959) A csapadék-és vízszint-ingadozás összefüggése a Baláta-tó természetvédelmi területén (Rainfall and water level fluctuation correlation in Nature Reserve area of Lake Baláta). Sormás-Mántai-dülö and Sormás-Török-földek Site. In: Ilon, G., Ed., Wonderful Beauties—Human Representations in Prehistoric Western Hungary, Vas Megyei Múzeumok Igazgatósága, Szombathely, 84-99.

Department of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary Hungarian Archaeological Institute, Budapest, Hungary. Acta Botaniqua Academia Science Hungarica, 5, 259-320.

Institute of Environmental Science, Szent István University, Szarvas, Hungary. (2009) Palaeolimnology of the Last Eastern Carpathian Crater Lake: A Multiproxy Study of Holocene Hydrological Changes.

Department of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Sedimentary basins such as Lake Baláta in Southwestern Hungary provide information about the development of lake-bog systems, the climate change through time and the environment of the surrounding area. (2001) Retarded Wetland Succession: Anthropogenic and Climatic Signals in a Holocene Peat Bog Profile from North-East Hungary.

The present study provides combined palynological, anthracological and macrobotanical data regarding climatic, vegetation and hydrological changes of a protected area for the last 3000 years.

Lake Baláta is a sedimentary basin developed in a wind-blown yardang system in Southwestern Hungary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 118, 25-47.

Due to its deeper location and the higher groundwater-level, the boggy lake functioned as a sediment catch. (1995) The Late Quaternary Environmental History of Bátorliget, N.