Peruvian football's successful period in the 1970s brought it worldwide recognition; the team then included the formidable forward partnership of Hugo Sotil and Teófilo Cubillas, often regarded as Peru's greatest player, and defender Héctor Chumpitaz.

Under the management of Ricardo Gareca, Peru came third at the 2015 Copa América, reached the quarterfinals of the Copa América Centenario, and currently participates in the qualification phase for the 2018 World Cup finals in Russia.

These new sports became popular among the local upper-class over the following decades, but early developments were halted by the War of the Pacific against Chile from 1879 to 1883.

After the war, Peru's coastal society embraced football as a modern innovation.

It has longstanding rivalries with Chile and Ecuador.

The team is well known for its white shirts adorned with a diagonal red stripe, which combine Peru's national colours.

This basic design has been used continuously since 1936, and gives rise to the team's common Spanish nickname, la Blanquirroja ("the white-and-red").

Peru took part in the inaugural FIFA World Cup in 1930 and enjoyed victories in the 1938 Bolivarian Games and the 1939 Copa América, with goalkeeper Juan Valdivieso and forwards Teodoro Fernández and Alejandro Villanueva playing important roles.

it is one of the 10 members of FIFA's South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL).

The Peruvian team's performance has been inconsistent; it enjoyed its most successful periods in the 1930s and the 1970s.